The Carmelita Mining Claim is held with a series of four (4) contiguous lode Mining claims. The federal IDs for those claims as follows: AMC443323, AMC442190, AMC444671, AMC44672
The Carmelita Mines and Mill site is a Gold mining camp that was last recorded as being worked in the early 1930s. The mines and the region have a long and detailed history dating back to the 1840s. Native gold has been broken from ledges and exposed veins and crushed using crude arrastras.
The Mines are named for Carmelita Campbell who owned and operated the mines for nearly 40-odd years employing some 250 Mexicans and Indians from 1870 to 1914.
The Carmelita Mining Claim also includes the Alaska Mines, which are also noted for gold and some platinum production. There are various outcrops and ledges in the low sage around the mines that show the same coarse gold that has been worked in the area for almost 200 years.
The property was originally known as the Yuma Mine. The mines are evidenced to have been worked in or around 1840 by Spanish miners. As the Spanish and Mexican miners were pushed south, the mine was taken over and renamed as the Harqua Hala Mine. It was worked and expanded for primarily gold but with some returns in silver.
Assays and historical reports state that values in the mine and on the ledges averages from 1.5 to 2.5 ounces of gold per ton.
The Mine operated profitably until 1914 when JA Marr attempted to “claim jump” Carmelita Campbell and overtake the mines. Going to the extremes of having Carmelita confined in an asylum in Phoenix. Mr. Marrs coup of the mine failed when Carmelita’s old employees, still loyal, sabotaged the mining operations, also ambushing the miners hired to work the site. Mr. Marr was bankrupted by 1921, but the damage was done, and Carmelita died despondent and alone in her second home in San Francisco, California.
The mines still have extensive worth and gold values are self-evident with an examination of the property.
The "main shaft" of the Carmelita was inaccessible due to degradation of cribbing and infrastructure around the mines. It will require some clean up and work to be put into work ready condition.
The "Alaska" mines are known for rich, wire gold produced from wide quartz ledges, the Alaska was originally a part of the Carmelita group but was explored and some work done in the 1950s and the name was changed.
Mining Claim Description
The Mines are located on the south western end of the Harquahala Mountains. A region that has developed some of the largest gold mining operations in Arizona. A good 4-wheel drive road leads past the mines and a short, but very rough road breaks across a wash and right down to the old flat where ore was sorted and brought to the ranch for crushing.
The claims cover a series of quartz veins, referred to as “ledges” which run the length of the property. The veins have been lightly worked in most areas and some native gold can be found with a little effort by following the veins.
In some sections, the veins have been more seriously developed. The so called “main shaft” is one of these areas. A reported double compartment shaft of some 250’, in 1960 it was said to have collapsed timbers and be filled with water at or around 150’. This assessment matches with what surveyors reported in 2017 assessments, with exception of the water which was not observed.
There is also the Water Shaft on the claims. By all accounts, appears to be only a well, but with a reported inexhaustible supply of water. Enough to reportedly run a 25 ton per day mill.
Farther up the mountain but on the Carmelita claims is the Hela (Gila) monster shafts which produced gold at an average of 1.5 ounces per ton. These mines were re-surveyed in the early 1930s and called the Alaskan Mines. They produced gold for a few years before being shut down by the War Act.
The mines boast a significant, well documented history and have never been “played out” instead, they have fallen victim to bad luck, scheming and treachery which has caused them to be undeveloped by today’s standards.
The area is extremely arid and would be assumed to be dry but for the water table which is penetrated by the shafts and can provide whatever is necessary for the mines.
Surveyors reported many outcrops of quartz running through the property, some as wide as 4’. These outcrops can be worked, and bits of native gold can be extracted.
There is minimal road repair needed to access the mines with a full-size vehicle. 4-wheel drive vehicles can carefully navigate to the mine entrances.