Vedanta is a school of Hindu philosophy that is based on the teachings of the Upanishads, which are ancient Hindu texts that explore the nature of reality and the self. Vedanta is also known as Uttara Mimamsa, which means higher inquiry or ultimate investigation. The central teachings of Vedanta include the concept of Brahman, which is the ultimate reality that underlies all existence, and the idea that the individual self (Atman) is identical to Brahman. Vedanta also emphasizes the importance of spiritual practice, such as meditation and self-inquiry, as a means of realizing this ultimate truth. There are several different schools of Vedanta, including Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita Vedanta, and Dvaita Vedanta, each of which has its own unique interpretation of the Upanishads and the Vedas.